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Please Note: These electronic articles are posted for individual, noncommericial use to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly work. They are intended for teaching and training purposes only. Articles may not be reposted or disseminated without permission by the copyight holder. Copyright holders retain all rights as indicated within each article.

Xu, F. (in press) Some preliminary thoughts on a rational constructivist approach to cognitive development: primitives, symbols, learning, and thinking.  In A. Baron and D. Barner (Eds.), Conceptual change and core knowledge.  Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Denison, S., Trikutam, P., & Xu, F. (in press)  Probability versus representativeness in infancy: Can infants use na´ve physics to adjust population base rates in probabilistic inference? Developmental Psychology. (pdf)

Diesendruck, G., Salzer, S., Kushnir, T. & Xu, F. (in press) When choices aren't personal: The effect of statistical and social cues on children's inferences about the scope of preferences. Journal of Cognition and Development. (pdf)

Sim, Z. & Xu, F. (in press) Word learning as inductive inference: a rational approach. In T. Mintz (ed.), Statistical approaches to language acquisition.  Psychology Press.

Sim, Z. & Xu, F. (2014)  Acquiring inductive constraints from self-generated evidence. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. (pdf)

Lucas, C., Griffiths, T., Xu, F., Fawcett, C., Gopnik, A., Kushnir, T., Markson, L., & Hu, J. (2014) The child as econometrician: A rational model of preference understanding in children. PlosOne, 9(3). (pdf)

Denison, S. & Xu, F. (2014) The Origins of Probabilistic Inference in Human Infants. Cognition, 130(3), 335-347. (pdf)

Byers-Heinlein, K., Heng Chen, K. & Xu, F. (2014) Surmounting the Tower of Babel: Monolingual and bilingual 2-year-olds' understanding of the nature of foreign language words. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 119,  87-100. (pdf)

Ma, L. & Xu, F. (2013) Preverbal Infants Infer Intentional Agents From the Perception of Regularity. Developmental Psychology, (48, 7), 1330-1337. (pdf)

Sim, Z. & Xu, F. (2013) Infants' early understanding of coincidences. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. (pdf)

Hu, J., Buchsbaum, D., Griffiths, T. & Xu, F. (2013) When does the majority rule? Preschoolers’ trust in majority informants varies by task domain.  Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Kushnir, T. (2013) Infants are rational constructive learners. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 28-32. (pdf)

Denison, S., Reed, C. & Xu, F. (2013) The emergence of probabilistic reasoning in very young infants: evidence from 4.5- and 6-month-old infants.  Developmental Psychology, 49(2), 243-249. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Kushnir, T. (Eds.) (2012)  Rational Constructivism in Cognitive Development. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 43. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Kushnir, T. (2012) What is rational constructivism?  In F.Xu and T. Kushnir (Eds.), Rational constructivism in cognitive development. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 43.  Academic Press.

Karmiloff-Smith, A., D’Souzaa, D., Dekkera, T.M.,  Van Herwegenb, J., Xu, F., Rodica, M., & Ansari, D., (2012) Genetic and environmental vulnerabilities in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. PNAS, 109(2), 17261-17265.

Sim, Z., Yuan, S. & Xu, F. (2011) Acquiring word learning biases. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2544-2549). (pdf)

Yuan, S., Perfors, A., Tenenbaum, J.B., & Xu, F. (2011) Learning individual words and learning about words simultaneously. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.3280-3285). (pdf)

Xu, F. & Griffiths, T.L. (2011) Probabilistic models of cognitive development: Towards a rational constructivist approach to the study of learning and development.  Cognition. (Introduction to the special issue "Probabilistic models of cognitive development"). (pdf)

Ma, L. & Xu, F. (2011) Young children’s use of statistical sampling evidence to infer the subjectivity of preferences. Cognition 120(3), 403-411. (pdf)

Perfors, A., Tenenbaum, J.B., Griffiths, T., & Xu, F. (2011) A tutorial introduction to Bayesian models of cognitive development. Cognition 120(3), 302-321. (pdf)

Dewar, K. & Xu, F. (2010) Induction, overhypothesis, and the origin of abstract knowledge: evidence from 9-month-old infants.  Psychological Science, 21, 1871-1877. (pdf)

Denison, S. & Xu, F. (2010) Twelve- to 14-month-old infants can predict single-event probability with large set sizes. Developmental Science, 13, 798-803. (pdf)

Denison, S. & Xu, F. (2010) Integrating physical constraints in statistical inference by 11-month-old infants. Cognitive Science, 34, 885-908. (pdf)

Kushnir, T., Xu, F. & Wellman, H. (2010) Young children use statistical sampling to infer the preferences of others. Psychological Science, 21, 1134-1140. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Denison, S. (2009) Statistical inference and sensitivity to sampling in 11-month-old infants. Cognition, 112, 97-104. (pdf)

Xu, F., Dewar, K. & Perfors, A. (2009) Induction, overhypotheses, and the shape bias: Some arguments and evidence for rational constructivism.   In B. M. Hood and L. Santos (Eds.), The origins of object knowledge (pp. 263-284). Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Lucas, C., Griffiths, T., Xu, F. & Fawcett, C. (2008) A rational model of preference learning and choice prediction by children. Proceedings of the 22 nd Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Garcia, V. (2008) Intuitive statistics by 8-month-old infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, 5012-5015. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2007) Word learning as Bayesian inference. Psychological Review, 114, 245-272. (pdf)

Xu, F. & Tenenbaum, J.B. (2007) Sensitivity to sampling in Bayesian word learning. Developmental Science, 10, 288-297. (pdf)

Xu, F. (2007) Rational statistical inference and cognitive development. In P. Carruthers, S. Laurence, & S. Stich (eds.), The innate mind: foundations and the future (Vol. 3) (pp. 199-215). Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Denison, S., Konopczynski, K., Garcia, V., & Xu, F. (2006) Probabilistic reasoning in preschoolers: random sampling and base rate. In R. Sun and N. Miyake (eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1216-1221). (pdf)